Inflammatory stimuli induce acyl-CoA thioesterase 7 and remodeling of phospholipids containing unsaturated long (≥C20)-acyl chains in macrophages.

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

J Lipid Res, Volume 58, Issue 6, p.1174-1185 (2017)

Abstract:

Acyl-CoA thioesterase 7 (ACOT7) is an intracellular enzyme that converts acyl-CoAs to FFAs. ACOT7 is induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS); thus, we investigated downstream effects of LPS-induced induction of ACOT7 and its role in inflammatory settings in myeloid cells. Enzymatic thioesterase activity assays in WT and ACOT7-deficient macrophage lysates indicated that endogenous ACOT7 contributes a significant fraction of total acyl-CoA thioesterase activity toward C20:4-, C20:5-, and C22:6-CoA, but contributes little activity toward shorter acyl-CoA species. Lipidomic analyses revealed that LPS causes a dramatic increase, primarily in bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate species containing long (≥C20) polyunsaturated acyl-chains in macrophages, and that the limited effect observed by ACOT7 deficiency is restricted to glycerophospholipids containing 20-carbon unsaturated acyl-chains. Furthermore, ACOT7 deficiency did not detectably alter the ability of LPS to induce cytokines or prostaglandin E2 production in macrophages. Consistently, although ACOT7 was induced in macrophages from diabetic mice, hematopoietic ACOT7 deficiency did not alter the stimulatory effect of diabetes on systemic inflammation or atherosclerosis in LDL receptor-deficient mice. Thus, inflammatory stimuli induce ACOT7 and remodeling of phospholipids containing unsaturated long (≥C20)-acyl chains in macrophages, and, although ACOT7 has preferential thioesterase activity toward these lipid species, loss of ACOT7 has no major detrimental effect on macrophage inflammatory phenotypes.≥.